1Bangladesh Krishi Bank, Charkewar Branch, Munshigonj 1500, Bangladesh; Department of Agronomy, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh
2Department of Agronomy, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh
3Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka
Main Article Content
Salinity is one of the most devastating abiotic stresses limiting crop production. Considering this issue, a pot experiment was conducted at Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Dhaka, Bangladesh during the boro season (2017-2018) using two rice(Oryza sativa L.) varieties, namely BRRI dhan28 (salt sensitive) and BRRI dhan47 (salt tolerant),to assess the effects of varied salinity levels on the growth and the performance of the rice varieties under salt stress conditions. Four salinity treatments were used in this experiment, viz. control S0 (only freshwater), quarter-strength marine water S1 (three-parts freshwater and one-part marine water; 7.5 ds m−1), half-strength marine water S2 (half freshwater and half marine water; 15 ds m−1), and full-strength marine water S3 (only marine water; 30 ds m−1).These mixtures were used for irrigation purposes throughout the life cycle of the plants. Salt stress significantly decreased the plant height, relative water content (RWC) of leaves, number of effective tillers hill−1, number of filled grains panicle−1, 1000-grain weight, grain yield, straw yield, and biological yield of the rice. In both rice types, plant growth and yield were reduced as the salinity level increased. Grain yields decreased by 50, 90, and 100% in BRRI dhan28 when irrigated with quarter strength, half strength, and full-strength seawater, respectively, but decreased by 27, 50, and 72%, respectively, in BRRI dhan47. Similarly, other yield attributes had higher reductions in BRRI dhan28 under salt stress conditions than BRRI dhan47. However, irrigation with marine water in rice might lead to some straw yield but produced little to no grain.
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