Production Efficiency Analysis of Indigenous Pig Production in Northwest Vietnam

Tran Ba Tuan 1 , Tong Yin 2 , Tran Huu Cuong 3 , Nguyen Cong Tiep 4 and Sven König 2

1North Vietnam College of Agriculture and Rural Development, Hanoi 134000, Vietnam
2Institution of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Justus Liebig University Gießen, Gießen 35390, Germany
3Faculty of Accounting and Business Management, Vietnam National University of Agriculture, Hanoi 131000, Vietnam
4Faculty of Economics and Rural Development, Vietnam National University of Agriculture, Hanoi 131000, Vietnam
Received: Jun 18, 2020 /
Published: Dec 31, 2020

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Abstract

This research was conducted to investigate the production efficiency of Ban pig production in northwest Vietnam between October 2016 and January 2017. Primary data obtained from 171 producers were analyzed by applying cost-benefit analysis and stochastic frontier production function. The benefit-cost ratio per litter was 1.24, indicating that the enterprise was profitable. Compared to other farms, the farms focused on farrow-to-finisher attained the highest net return (EUR 213.71/litter), while inputs were used most effectively by the mixed farms. The results from the Cobb-Douglas production function revealed that labour, feeding costs, stocking density, and pigpen structure had positive effects on the production output. Additionally, farms with the phase of farrow-to-nursery obtained less total revenue, while farms focused on the farrow-to-finisher phase achieved higher production outputs than the mixed farms. The level of technical efficiency for each farm ranged between 0.62 and 0.98, with a mean of 0.88. The number of live-born piglets and depreciation cost had positive effects, whereas the nursery interval had a negative impact on the technical efficiency. Ban pig producers could increase technical efficiency by efficiently utilizing available resources and improving managerial skills.

Keywords: Stochastic frontier, economic efficiency, indigenous pig, production, North-west Vietnam

Article Details

How to Cite
Tuan, T., Yin, T., Cuong, T., Tiep, N., & König, S. (2020). Production Efficiency Analysis of Indigenous Pig Production in Northwest Vietnam. Vietnam Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 3(4), 882-891. https://doi.org/10.31817/vjas.2020.3.4.11

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