The Vegetable and Flower Production in the Central Highlands of Vietnam: Current Status and Perspective Strategies

Vu Quynh Hoa 1 , Ngo Minh Hai 2 , Nguyen Duc Huy 1 , Tran Van Quang 1 , Ninh Thi Phip 1 , Bui The Khuynh 1 , Bui Ngoc Tan 1 , Vu Thanh Hai 1 , Nguuyen Duc Khanh 1 , Nguyen Anh Duc 1 , Pham Anh Tuan 1 , Nguyen Van Loc 1 and Tran Duc Vien 3

1Faculty of Agronomy, Vietnam National University of Agriculture , Hanoi 131000, Vietnam
2Faculty of Economics and Rural Development, Vietnam National University of Agriculture , Hanoi 131000, Vietnam
3Chairman of University Council, Vietnam National University of Agriculture , Hanoi 131000, Vietnam
Received: Oct 30, 2020 /
Published: Dec 31, 2020

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Abstract

Despite significant contributions of vegetable and flower production to the improvement of the livelihoods of household producers in the Central Highlands of Vietnam, several challenges facing the development of this sector require a general evaluation. This study aimed at assessing the current situation and economic efficiency of flowers and vegetables and analyzing the application of production techniques on the cultivation of these crops. Based on secondary data sources combined with a primary survey of 144 vegetable farmers and 74 flower growers in all five provinces (Lam Dong, Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Kon Tum, and Gia Lai) of the area in 2018, descriptive statistics and economic values were applied to provide an overview of the development of vegetable and flower production of the region. Findings showed that there were large differences in yields and economic efficiencies of vegetables and flowers among the five provinces of the Central Highlands. Accordingly, the yields and economic efficiencies of vegetables and flowers in Lam Dong were two to five times higher than those in other provinces (Dak Lak, Dak Nong, Kon Tum, and Gia Lai). In addition, the applications of technological advances in vegetable and flower production remained limited. Major challenges for flower and vegetable development included the lack of irrigation water, weak capabilities of building flower and vegetable brands, and limitations in market access. Solutions to improve production technology implications, develop brands of high-quality products, and raise the ability to access market for all vegetable and flower stakeholders are highly recommended.

Keywords: Vegetables, flowers, Central Highlands, crop production, Vietnam

Article Details

How to Cite
Hoa, V., Hai, N., Huy, N., Quang, T., Phip, N., Khuynh, B., Tan, B., Hai, V., Khanh, N., Duc, N., Tuan, P., Loc, N., & Vien, T. (2020). The Vegetable and Flower Production in the Central Highlands of Vietnam: Current Status and Perspective Strategies. Vietnam Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 3(4), 771-783. https://doi.org/10.31817/vjas.2020.3.4.01

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