1Faculty of Animal Science, Vietnam National University of Agriculture, Hanoi 131000, Vietnam
Main Article Content
High levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids in chicken spermatozoa make them susceptible to lipoperoxidation and reduce their fertility. This study was conducted to assess the effect of sesame seed suplementation in the diet on the semen quality of Ho cocks. Eighteen 13-14 month-old cocks were randomly divided into three groups and were assigned to one of the following treatments: 0% SS (control), 5% SS, or 7% sesame seeds per kg of diet for ten consecutive weeks after a two-week adaptation period. Semen characteristics were evaluated once a week. In the 7% sesame seed treatment group, seminal traits including semen ejaculate volume (1.02mL), sperm concentration (3.68 x 109 sperm), and abnormal spermatozoa (10.51% were improved (P <0.05) compared to the control group (0.82mL, 2.81 x 109 sperm, and 11.04% for semen ejaculate volume, sperm concentration, and abnormal spermatozoa, respectively). Supplementation with sesame seeds did not significantly affect sperm motility, mass movement, or semen pH. Our results demonstrate that sesame seed supplementation at 7% successfully improved the ejaculate volume, sperm concentration, and normal spermatozoa percentage of Ho cocks.
Abou-Gharbia H. A., Shehata A. A. Y. & Shahidi F. (2000). Effect of processing on oxidative stability and lipid classes of sesame oil. Food Research International. 33: 331-340.
Abu M. M. T., Mohammad M. U. B., Raihana N. F., Nasrin S. J. & Md. Bazlur B. R. M. (2013). Evaluation of semen quality among four chicken lines. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science. 6: 7-13.
Akhlaghi A., Ahangari Y. J., Navidshad B., Pirsaraei Z. A., Zhandi M., Deldar M. H., Rezvani R., Dadpasand M., Hashemi S. R., Poureslami R. & Peebles E. D. (2014a). Improvements in semen quality, sperm fatty acids, and reproductive performance in aged Cobb 500 breeder roosters fed diets containing dried ginger rhizomes (Zingiber officinale). Poultry Science. 93: 1236-1243.
Akhlaghi A., Jafari Ahangari Y., Zhandi M. & Peebles E. D. (2014b). Reproductive performance, semen quality, and fatty acid profile of spermatozoa in senescent broiler breeder roosters as enhanced by the long-term feeding of dried apple pomace. Animal Reproduction Science. 147: 64-73.
Almahdi A. B., Ondho Y. S. & Sutopo D. (2014). Comparative Studies of Semen Quality on Different Breed of Chicken in Poultry Breeding Center Temanggung-Central Java. International Refereed Journal of Engineering and Science (IRJES). 3(2): 94-103.
Amini M. J., Hassani B. H., Nikzad H., Taherian A. & Salehi M. (2013). Effect of Diet Contains Sesame Seed on Adult Wistar Rat Testis. International Journal of Morphology. 31: 197-202.
Ax R. L., Dally M., Didion B. A. & Lenz R. W. (2000). Semen evaluation. In: Hafez B. & Hafez E. S. E. Reproduction in Farm Animals (7th ed.). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. DOI: 10.1002/9781119265306.ch25.
Bah G. S., Chaudhari S. U. R. & Al-Amin J. D. (2001). Semen Characteristics of Local Breeder Cocks in the Sahel Region of Nigeria. Revue d’Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux. 54(2): 153-158.
Biswas A., Mohan J. & Sastry K. V. H. (2009). Effect of higher dietary vitamin E concentrations on physical and biochemical characteristics of semen in Kadaknath cockerels. British Poultry Science. 50: 733-738.
Borghei-Rad S. M., Zeinoaldini S., Zhandi M., Moravej H. & Ansari M. (2017). Feeding rosemary leaves powder ameliorates rooster age-related subfertility. Theriogenology. 101: 35-43.
Dimitrous B. (2006). Sources of natural phenolic antioxidants. Trends in Food Science and Technology. 17: 505-512.
Doan B. H., Tuan H. A., Hang D. L. & Thinh N. H. (2016). Effects of artificial insemination methods on reproductive performance of Ho breed of chicken. Vietnam Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 14: 727-733 (in Vietnamese with English abstract).
Donoghue A. M. & Wishart G. J. (2000). Storage of poultry semen. Animal Reproduction Science. 62: 213-232.
Duy N. V., Moula N., Luc D. D., Dang P. K., Hiep D. T., Doan B. H., Ton V. D. & Farnir F. (2015). Ho Chicken in Bac Ninh Province (Vietnam): From an Indigenous Chicken to Local Poultry Breed. International Journal of Poultry Science. 14(9): 521-528.
Ebeid T. A. (2012). Vitamin E and organic selenium enhances the antioxidative status and quality of chicken semen under high ambient temperature. British Poultry Science. 53: 708-714.
Eid Y., Ebeid T. and Younis H. (2006). Vitamin E supplementation reduces dexamethasone-induced oxidative stress in chicken semen. British Poultry Science. 47: 350-356.
Gee G. F., Bertschinger H., Donoghue A. M., Blanco J. & Soley J. (2004). Reproduction in Nondomestic Birds: Physiology, Semen Collection, Artificial Insemination and Cryopreservation. Avian and Poultry Biology Reviews. 15: 47-101.
Gharby S., Harhar H., Bouzoubaa Z., Asdadi A., El Yadini A. & Charrouf Z. (2017). Chemical characterization and oxidative stability of seeds and oil of sesame grown in Morocco. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences. 16: 105-111.
Hue D. T., Luc D. D., Dung N. T., Thinh N. H. & Ton V. D. (2015) Semen quality of Ho chicken and some affected factors. Conference of Sustainable Livestock Development Hanoi: Agricultural University Press. 1-7 (in Vietnamese with English abstract).
Jafari A. Y., Parizadian B. and Zamani M. (2013). The impact of organic selenium supplementation on rooster semen quality in liquid condition. Poultry Science Journal. 1(1): 23-31.
Khan R. U. (2011). Antioxidants and poultry semen quality. World's Poultry Science Journal. 67: 297-308.
Lake P. (1962). Artificial Insemination in poultry. In: Maile J. P. e. (Ed.). The semen of animals and artificial insemination. Bucks, England: Commonwealth Agriculture Bureau.
Mangiagalli M. G., Martino P. A., Smajlovic T., Guidobono Cavalchini L. & Marelli S. P. (2010). Effect of lycopene on semen quality, fertility and native immunity of broiler breeder. British Poultry Science. 51: 152-157.
Masindi L. & Mphaphathi M. M. (2016). The characterisation and cryopreservation of Venda chicken semen. Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction. 5(2): 132-139.
Min Y., Sun T., Niu Z. & Liu F. (2016). Vitamin C and vitamin E supplementation alleviates oxidative stress induced by dexamethasone and improves fertility of breeder roosters. Animal Reproduction Science. 171: 1-6.
Obidi J. A., Onyeanusi B. I., Rekwot P. I., Ayo J. O. & Dzenda T. (2008). Seasonal variations in seminal characteristics of characteristics of Shikabrown breeder cocks. International Journal of Poultry Science. 7: 1219-1223.
Pathak N., Rai A. K., Kumari R. & Bhat K. V. (2014). Value addition in sesame: A perspective on bioactive components for enhancing utility and profitability. Pharmacognosy reviews. 8(16): 147-155.
Peters S. O., Shoyebo O. D., Ilori B. M., Ozoje M. O., Ikeobi C. O. N. & Adebambo O. A. (2008). Semen quality traits of seven strain of chickens raised in the humid tropics. International Journal of Poultry Science. 7: 949-953.
Sanocka D. & Kurpisz M. (2004). Reactive oxygen species and sperm cells. Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology. 2: 12.
Shittu R. K. & Bankole M. N. (2007). Sesame leaves intake improve and increase epididymal spermatocytes reserve in adult male Sprague Dawley rat. Scientific research and essays. 2: 319-324.
Siudzinska A. & Lukaszewick E. (2008). The effect of breed on freezability of semen of fancy fowl. Animal Science Papers and Reports. 4: 331-340.
Sonseeda P., Vongpralub T. & Laopaiboon B. (2013). Effects of Environmental Factors, Ages and Breeds on Semen Characteristics in Thai Indigenous Chickens: A One-year Study. Thai Journal of Veterinary Medicine. 43(3): 347-352.
Surai P. F., Cerolini S., Wishart G. J., Speake B. K., Noble R. C. & Sparks N. H. (1998). Lipid and antioxidant composition of chicken semen and its susceptibility to peroxidation. Poultry and Avian Biology Reviews. 9: 11-23.
Tha D. D. (2006). Artificial insemination technology for animals. Labor Social Publishing House, Hanoi (in Vietnamese).
Tham L. T., Thu D. V., Binh D. V., Khoi T. X., Hue L. T., Thai N. X. & Binh D. V. (2017). Assessment of semen quality and artificial insemination for Dong Tao chicken. Vietnam Journal of Agricultural Sciences. 15(6): 755-763 (in Vietnamese with English abstract).
Tuncer P. B., Kinet H. & Ozdogan N. (2008). Evaluation of some spermatological characteristics in Gerze cocks. Ank Univ Vet Derg. 55: 99-102.
Xuan N. T., Duy N. V., Hue D. T., Luc D. D. & Ton V. D. (2017). Fertilizing ability of Ho cock semen by different insemination doses and dilution rates. International Conference on: Animal production in SouthEast Asia current status and future. Agricultural University Press, Hanoi, Vietnam. 48-57.