Effects of Nitrogen Application on the Growth and Yield of Quinoa under Saline Conditions in Northern Vietnam

Dinh Thai Hoang 1 , Dang Thi Phuong Anh 1 , Luu Hue Nhan 2 and Nguyen Viet Long 1

1Faculty of Agronomy, Vietnam National University of Agriculture , Hanoi 131000, Vietnam
2Department of Production, Military Academy of Logistics, Hanoi 131000, Vietnam
Received: Sep 6, 2020 /
Published: Jun 18, 2021

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Abstract

This study aimed to determine the optimum nitrogen application rate for quinoa in saline soils. Two experiments were conducted: (i) the first experiment was under artificial saline conditions with the two factors of saline regime (stressed and non-stressed) and nitrogen application level (0, 30, 60, 90 and 150 kg N ha-1) in net-houses located in Gia Lam, Hanoi; and (ii) the second experiment was under natural field saline conditions with the two factors of quinoa cultivar (Atlas and Moradas) and nitrogen application level (0, 30, 60, 90, and 150 kg N ha-1) in the coastal areas of Hai Hau, Nam Dinh province. Data were collected for growth duration, insect and disease infestations during the growth period, and various growth parameters and yield components at harvest. The results showed that saline stress reduced the growth and yield parameters, but did not affect the quinoa growth duration of the investigated quinoa cultivars. In both experiments, the growth parameters and yield components increased according to the increase of the nitrogen application rates from 0 to 90 kg N ha-1, then decreased when the nitrogen rates were higher. The results suggested that 90 kg N ha-1 was the optimum nitrogen application dose for quinoa growth and development under saline soil conditions.

Keywords: Nitrogen, growth, quinoa, saline stress, yield

Article Details

How to Cite
Hoang, D., Anh, D., Nhan, L., & Long, N. (2021). Effects of Nitrogen Application on the Growth and Yield of Quinoa under Saline Conditions in Northern Vietnam. Vietnam Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 4(1), 903-911. https://doi.org/10.31817/10.31817/vjas.2021.4.1.01

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