Evaluation of the Physicochemical Properties and Sensory Attributes of Yoghurt Made from Mixtures of Goat’s and Cow’s Milks

Nguyen Duc Doan 1

1Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Vietnam National University of Agriculture, Hanoi 131000, Vietnam
Received: Mar 6, 2019 /
Revised: Dec 24, 2019 /
Published: Dec 24, 2019

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Abstract

The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of cow’s milk added to goat’s milk on physicochemical properties and sensory attributes of yoghurt. Yoghurts prepared from five different proportions of cow’s milk and goat’s milk were stored at 4-6ºC for 1, 7, and 14 days and then evaluated for their physicochemical (total solids, protein, pH, and acidity) and physical properties (viscosity and water holding capacity), and sensory characteristics (acceptability). The total solids of the evaluated yoghurts significantly increased, but the protein content decreased when the amount of cow’s milk increased in the mixtures of milk. The results showed that the pH value of the yoghurt made from only goat’s milk was higher, while the titratable acidity was lower than those of the yoghurts made from the mixtures of goat’s and cow’s milks. The yoghurt obtained from the mixture of milks containing 80% goat’s milk and 20% cow’s milk exhibited the highest viscosity and water holding capacity among the evaluated yoghurts. All the yoghurts received similar scores for color, odor, and texture after all periods of storage, while the highest score in terms of flavor was received for the yoghurt made from the mixture of milks containing 60% goat’s milk and 40% cow’s milk. Addition of cow’s milk to goat’s milk was shown to significantly contribute to the viscosity, water holding capacity, and flavor of the resulting yoghurts.

Keywords: Goat’s milk, cow’s milk, yoghurt, physicochemical properties, sensory properties

Article Details

How to Cite
Doan, N. (2019). Evaluation of the Physicochemical Properties and Sensory Attributes of Yoghurt Made from Mixtures of Goat’s and Cow’s Milks. Vietnam Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2(3), 426-433. https://doi.org/10.31817/10.31817/vjas.2019.2.3.03

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