Polyphenols from Tropical Almond Leaves (Terminalia catappa L.): Optimized Extraction Conditions and α-Glucosidase Inhibitory Activity

Nguyen Thi Thu Nga 1 , Nguyen Xuan Bac 1 , Vu Thi Hanh 1 and Lai Thi Ngoc Ha 1

1Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Vietnam National University of Agriculture, Hanoi 131000, Vietnam
Received: Dec 17, 2022 /
Revised: Mar 30, 2024 /
Published: Mar 29, 2024

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The purpose of this study was to find the optimal conditions for extracting polyphenols from Vietnamese tropical almond leaves (Terminalia catappa L.) and to assess the anti-diabetic activities of the resulting extract. The polyphenol extraction from Vietnamese tropical almond leaves was optimized using the response surface methodology. A rotatable central composite design (RCCD) with three variables (ethanol concentration, temperature, and extraction time), consisting of 21 experimental runs with three replicates at the center, minimal, and maximal factorial points was applied to describe the experimental data. The experimental results properly confirmed the constructed model (R2 = 0.8337). The optimized conditions were as follows: ethanol concentration of 62.76%, a temperature of 62.2°C, and an extraction time of 70 minutes. Five extractions were performed in parallel at the optimized conditions to validate the model. The experimental values highly agreed with the predicted value. The extract powder has powerful effects against the α-glucosidase activity and can develop as a novel natural anti-diabetic agent.

Keywords: Tropical almond, polyphenol, α-glucosidase, antioxidant, anti-diabetic

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How to Cite
Nga, N., Bac, N., Hanh, V., & Ha, L. (2024). Polyphenols from Tropical Almond Leaves (Terminalia catappa L.): Optimized Extraction Conditions and α-Glucosidase Inhibitory Activity. Vietnam Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 7(1), 2064-2075. https://doi.org/10.31817/vjas.2024.7.1.05


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